Arthur J. Raffles (generally called A. J. Raffles) is a fictional character developed in 1898 by E. W. Hornung, brother-in-law of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the designer of Sherlock Holmes. Raffles is, in several methods, an inversion of Holmes– he is a “gent thief”, living at the Albany, a respected address in London, playing cricket as a gentleman (or “amateur”) for the Gentlemen of England and supporting himself by executing innovative break-ins. He is called the “Amateur Cracksman” and also typically, initially, differentiates in between him and also the “teachers”– professional criminals from the lowers ranks.
As Holmes has Dr. Watson to chronicle his journeys, Raffles has Harry “Bunny” Manders– a former schoolmate conserved from shame by Raffles, whom Raffles persuaded to accompany him on a theft. Raffles is a professional thief and like Holmes, he is a master of camouflage. Raffles’s experiences have actually been adjusted across numerous media, the personality played by a variety of preferred stars consisting of John Barrymore and David Niven.
Hornung was motivated by the Sherlock Holmes stories of his brother-in-law, Arthur Conan Doyle as well as devoted The Amateur Cracksman to Doyle: “To A. C. D. This Form of Flattery”.  It has actually been recommended that Raffles’s name might have been motivated by the title of Doyle’s 1891 unique The Doings of Raffles Haw.  Richard Lancelyn Green mentions that Raffles shares his initial name with Conan Doyle and also with Hornung’s child, Arthur Oscar Hornung. Raffles’s initials are those of Hornung’s housemaster at Uppingham School, A. J. Tuck and turned around, those of J. A. Turner, the cricket captain at Uppingham throughout 1882, Hornung’s initial year. 
An excellent several years ago I composed a story concerning a public-school villain; he committed a horrible crime in Australia, and also was satisfied by his old fag, that secured him. One day my brother-in-law, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, to whom I owe a very fantastic bargain, said to me, ‘What a pity you eliminated that fellow! I did so, as well as the eventual outcome was a variation of the type in the shape of Raffles.
” After the Fact” was inspired by Hornung’s journeys in Australia and by his only experience with an actual thief, which occurred while the author was living at Teddington, England. Hornung defined the case to Tit-Bits in 1909 when reviewing Raffles, though the thief was unimpressive and also nothing like the gentleman burglar personality. Hornung had actually been asked by a house’s caretakers to aid them catch an intruder, that attempted to conceal in an area under the cooking area flooring yet was eventually captured by a police officer. 
In his book Raffles as well as His Creator, Peter Rowland mentions that Deedes is Raffles’s prototype, but also varies dramatically from Raffles. While Raffles as well as Deedes are both charismatic, Raffles has a code of honour and “is not really bad whatsoever” according to Rowland, whereas Deedes “turns really nasty without a doubt” after Bower tries to get him to return the cash he swiped. Rowland composes that “Hornung (having passed the midway factor of his story) had understood that he got on really hazardous ground and had easily de-glamorised Deedes. Principles had been insisted under the wire, and justice had to be provided without more trouble … After trying out his brand-new idea in ‘After the Fact’, Hornung was mindful that his amateur cracksman would certainly have to be a thoroughly suitable chap even if he is a little bit of a law-breaker.”  In addition, Raffles views burglary as a showing off challenge and has a famous setting in society (as a gentleman cricketer), unlike Deedes, that is just after cash and also is a social outcast. 
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